In recent decades, large advances have been made in imaging techniques in patient care and for research goals. Whilst plain radiographs remain the cornerstone of modern radiology, new imaging techniques have developed along with advances in physics — nuclear and otherwise — and in computer technology.
The UMCG makes use of up-to-date equipment, which enables visualization of disease processes in the body. This includes scanners for Positron Emission Tomography (PET), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Computed Tomography (CT). These produce not only detailed images of the human anatomy (CT and MRI), but are also able to visualize the metabolic processes (SPECT and espacially PET). The Neuro Imaging Center (NIC) has a powerful MRI scanner, which is used for examining how both healthy and diseased brains work.